Great and powerful metropolis of Moscow is the beating heart of Russian Federation, its political, commercial, educational and business center. In Moscow you can see literally everywhere and in everything the mix of harmoniously interwoven old and new symbols and remains of its glorious and immortalized in history past. The word which describes Moscow best – is majesty.
Kremlin and Red Square were built on a grand scale to show to the guests of the city all the greatness of Russia. Moscow is the largest city on the European Continent, and probably one of the largest in the world. Though it is the coldest metropolis on Earth there live and work millions of self-motivated and ambitious people. Moscow was founded in 12th century and since then has undergone tremendous changes. This is a city like no other, with its special power and royal ambitions.
WHERE TO GO IN MOSCOW?
Kremlin & Red Square
This is the place from where should start the cognition of Moscow. Its 1km2 space magnificence is breathtaking. Kremlin is ancient and symbolic – it’s not just a typical cultural sight, it’s well steeped in history and is a heritage of a great era and terrifying regime for millions of people. Nowadays there is also located the residence of the President of Russia. Kremlin stands on the Red Square which appeared at the end of the 15th century, when there were ruined wooden buildings of locals by the order of Ivan the Third. For many years the Red Square functioned as a market and with the flow of time there appeared many other sights. One of them is Lenin’s Mausoleum, the heritage of Communist epoch.
St. Basil’s Cathedral
St. Basil’s Cathedral is a visiting card of Moscow. Its construction was completed in 1560 and lasted 8 years. Built by the order of Ivan the Terrible, St. Basil’s Cathedral is a masterpiece of mysterious and unknown to anyone builders, brothers Yakovlev, who, by legend, had been blinded by Tzar Ivan, who didn’t want them to build anything alike.
Initially St. Basil’s Cathedral was painted white, having gold domes to better match the Kremlin, which was white-stone at that times. But from the 17th to 19th century it was being decorated and eventually painted according to this unusual and attractive design. Nowadays St. Basil’s Cathedral is opened for tourists as a museum showing to visitors its gallery, ancient iconostasis, patterned paintwork and mysteries.
State Tretyakov Gallery
The Tretyakov Gallery is not just a gallery; it’s a world-known national museum of famous Russian Fine Arts of 9-10th centuries. It has a name of its founder Pavel Tretyakov, a merchant and textile manufacturer from Moscow, who adored arts. The masterpieces exhibited in the Tretyakov Gallery represent the whole Russian glorious history with over 100 000 works of art. The Tretyakov Gallery is huge and contains so many works of art that one day won’t be enough to see everything exhibited there.
Bolshoi Theatre was founded in the beginning of the 19th century and is a gorgeous building with columns and a portico with Apollon carriage. By size it’s the second in Europe after “La Scala” and its operas and ballets still attract thousands of people annually. There was a time when there were held masked balls, festive and grandiose. Bolshoi Theater showed the world operas of Michael Glinka, which were welcomed with standing ovation. Tchaikovsky’s legendary masterpieces “Swan Lake” (1877) and “The Nutcracker” (1919) were first presented here, in Bolshoi Theater, the home for beautiful and exciting art.