Saint Petersburg is a city in the Russian Federation. It is the second largest city in Russia and it is believed to be its cultural capital. Saint Petersburg’s name was changed 3 times. First, it was changed to Petrograd in 1914, then it was changed to Leningrad in 1924 and finally it was changed back to Saint Petersburg in 1991, soon after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Nowadays, people often call Saint Petersburg just Petersburg, or even Piter.
Saint Petersburg was founded in 1703 year by Tsar Peter the Great. It was the new capital city of Russia until 1918, when Moscow became the capital again.
Saint Petersburg is one of the greatest cultural centres in the world and it is definitely worth to visit!
RECOMMENDED HOTELS IN SAINT PETERSBURG
- 5th Corner Hotel. Book
- Ambassador Hotel St Petersburg. Book
- Ibis Saint Petersburg Centre. Book
- Domina Prestige. Book
WHERE TO GO IN SAINT PETERSBURG?
The most popular attraction in Saint Petersburg is the State Hermitage! To be exact, it is not just one building but it is a complex of six buildings, including the Winter Palace, a residence of Russian emperors.
The State Hermitage is one of the oldest and one of the largest museums in the world! The museum boasts a collection of more than 3 million objects and the largest collection of paintings! The collection of the State Hermitage includes artefacts and paintings from almost every corner of the world and includes many unique works by Rembrandt, Picasso, Van Gogh, Leonardo da Vinci, Manet, Monet, Michelangelo and many other!
Opening hours: 10:30 – 18:00
Wednesday: 10:30 – 21:00
Closed: on Mondays
Entry fee: up to 600 RUB (~10.5$)
Church of the Savior on Blood
The Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood (the other name) is one of the main Saint Petersburg’s attractions. Do not confuse the name with another church called The Church on Blood in Honour of All Saints in Yekaterinburg and do not confuse with Saint Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow that looks similar.
Construction of the church began in 1883 by the Russian Emperor Alexander III. It was built on the place where his father and the previous Russian Emperor Alexander II was assassinated in 1881. The church was meant as a memorial of Alexander II and the construction of the church was funded by the Imperial family and by private donations.
Entry fee: 250 RUB (~4$)
Saint Isaac’s Cathedral
- Location: Saint Petersburg, Russia
- Address: St Isaac’s Square, 4, 190000
- Built: 1858
- Height: 102 metres
- Architect: Auguste de Montferrand
- Architectural style: Neoclassical architecture
The construction of the Saint Isaac’s Cathedral took 40 year. This is one of the largest cathedrals in the world and its cost was more than 23 million roubles and hundreds of people’s lives. Although, it was meant to be used as a cathedral, at the present time it is used mainly as a museum. You can also go up the colonnade for one of the best views of the city!
Entry fee: 250 RUB (~4$)
The Summer Garden was designed by Tsar of Russia Peter I and it was completed in 1719. Peter the Great used it as a place to take a walk and relax. The park still has more than 70 sculptors and many fountains.
Visit the Summer Garden and enjoy the atmosphere in one of the most romantic places in Saint Petersburg!
Summer: 10:00 – 21:00
Winter: 10:00 – 19:30, closed on Tuesdays
Entry fee: Free
The Catherine Palace was originally a small garden palace possessed by Catherine I, the Tsar’s wife. In fact, it was just a modest and small building, but in 1752, Empress Elizabeth ordered to demolish and replace the old palace with a much bigger and impressive residence in Rococo style. Over 100 kilograms of gold were used to decorate the palace!
The exterior of the Catherine Palace is spectacular and the interior filled with paintings, rooms designed by Rastrelli and the reproduced Amber Room are no less impressive!
Entry fee: up to 520 RUB (~9$)
State Russian Museum
The State Russian Museum is a museum holding the largest collection of Russian fine art. The collection consists of more than 400000 pieces! It is not just one building; it is a complex of several buildings, castle and gardens (including the Summer Garden we mentioned before). The complex is very large, so be prepared to spend a lot of time there. There is admission fee, for prices check the museum’s website.